Flutter如何实现搜索内容功能,只需要用到这个方法

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2021-08-0709:34:30 发表评论
摘要

在之前伯衡君介绍了我用Flutter制作了一个名为flutter-dictioanry的应用,具体可以参看下方的前情提要,其中有一处说到app实现的搜索功能,没有介绍是如何实现的,本篇文章就来以一个完整的事例,来说明一下,其实只是用到了Dart语法中的筛选功能——where,极其简单,请看此篇……

Flutter如何实现搜索内容功能,只需要用到这个方法

开篇寄语

在之前伯衡君介绍了我用Flutter制作了一个名为flutter-dictioanry的应用,具体可以参看下方的前情提要,其中有一处说到app实现的搜索功能,没有介绍是如何实现的,本篇文章就来以一个完整的事例,来说明一下,其实只是用到了Dart语法中的筛选功能——where,极其简单,请看此篇。

前情提要

内容详情

以下内容是更改lib下的main.dart文件内容,删掉里面的内容,复制粘贴代码,开启调试就可以出现了。

// main.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      // Remove the debug banner
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      home: HomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  // This holds a list of fiction users
  // You can use data fetched from a database or cloud as well
  final List<Map<String, dynamic>> _allUsers = [
    {"id": 1, "name": "Andy", "age": 29},
    {"id": 2, "name": "Aragon", "age": 40},
    {"id": 3, "name": "Bob", "age": 5},
    {"id": 4, "name": "Barbara", "age": 35},
    {"id": 5, "name": "Candy", "age": 21},
    {"id": 6, "name": "Colin", "age": 55},
    {"id": 7, "name": "Audra", "age": 30},
    {"id": 8, "name": "Banana", "age": 14},
    {"id": 9, "name": "Caversky", "age": 100},
    {"id": 10, "name": "Becky", "age": 32},
  ];

  // This list holds the data for the list view
  List<Map<String, dynamic>> _foundUsers = [];
  @override
  initState() {
    // at the beginning, all users are shown
    _foundUsers = _allUsers;
    super.initState();
  }

  // This function is called whenever the text field changes
  void _runFilter(String enteredKeyword) {
    List<Map<String, dynamic>> results = [];
    if (enteredKeyword.isEmpty) {
      // if the search field is empty or only contains white-space, we'll display all users
      results = _allUsers;
    } else {
      results = _allUsers
          .where((user) =>
              user["name"].toLowerCase().contains(enteredKeyword.toLowerCase()))
          .toList();
      // we use the toLowerCase() method to make it case-insensitive
    }

    // Refresh the UI
    setState(() {
      _foundUsers = results;
    });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Flutter Demo'),
      ),
      body: Padding(
        padding: const EdgeInsets.all(10),
        child: Column(
          children: [
            SizedBox(
              height: 20,
            ),
            TextField(
              onChanged: (value) => _runFilter(value),
              decoration: InputDecoration(
                  labelText: 'Search', suffixIcon: Icon(Icons.search)),
            ),
            SizedBox(
              height: 20,
            ),
            Expanded(
              child: _foundUsers.length > 0
                  ? ListView.builder(
                      itemCount: _foundUsers.length,
                      itemBuilder: (context, index) => Card(
                        key: ValueKey(_foundUsers[index]["id"]),
                        color: Colors.amberAccent,
                        elevation: 4,
                        margin: EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 10),
                        child: ListTile(
                          leading: Text(
                            _foundUsers[index]["id"].toString(),
                            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
                          ),
                          title: Text(_foundUsers[index]['name']),
                          subtitle: Text(
                              '${_foundUsers[index]["age"].toString()} years old'),
                        ),
                      ),
                    )
                  : Text(
                      'No results found',
                      style: TextStyle(fontSize: 24),
                    ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

运行效果如下图所示:

主要注意是Where的函数运用,如果想了解更多有关Where的语法知识,请移步到Dart官网的开发文档查询。

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