Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

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摘要

伯衡君发现总结了有关flutter编程语言以制作全平台的App,经过前面三篇分段式总结,似乎已经可以逐渐创建简单的App了,事实也恰恰如此,不过,要想制作更加精美的App,功能更加强大的App,还需要继续精深学习,这次学习的内容则是AppBar,也就是应用的最上方那部分,添加各种功能,特效,美化之类的,让我们开始吧……

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Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

开篇寄语

伯衡君发现总结了有关flutter编程语言以制作全平台的App,经过前面三篇分段式总结,似乎已经可以逐渐创建简单的App了,事实也恰恰如此,不过,要想制作更加精美的App,功能更加强大的App,还需要继续精深学习,这次学习的内容则是AppBar,也就是应用的最上方那部分,添加各种功能,特效,美化之类的,让我们开始吧。

前情提要

内容详情

以下内容大多是更改lib下的main.dart文件内容,删掉里面的内容,复制粘贴代码,开启调试就可以出现了。

Basic

  • 简单的样式,格式等,试举例如下:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      // Remove the debug banner
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      title: 'Kindacode.com',
      home: HomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        backgroundColor: Colors.redAccent,
        leading: const Icon(Icons.tag_faces),
        title: const Text("Menu"),
        actions: <Widget>[
          IconButton(
            icon: const Icon(Icons.directions_bike),
            onPressed: () {},
          ),
          IconButton(
            icon: const Icon(Icons.directions_bus),
            onPressed: () {},
          ),
          PopupMenuButton(
            itemBuilder: (BuildContext context) {
              return [
                const PopupMenuItem(child: Text('Boat')),
                const PopupMenuItem(child: Text('Train'))
              ];
            },
          )
        ],
      ),
      body: const Center(
          child: Text(
        "Hello World",
      )),
    );
  }
}

生成效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

SliverAppBar

  • 可以简单理解为大块的顶部空间,试举例如下:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      title: 'HomePage',
      theme: ThemeData(primaryColor: Colors.purple),
      home: HomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  SliverAppBar showSliverAppBar(String screenTitle) {
    return SliverAppBar(
      backgroundColor: Colors.purple,
      floating: true,
      pinned: true,
      snap: false,
      title: Text(screenTitle),
      bottom: TabBar(
        tabs: [
          Tab(
            icon: Icon(Icons.home),
            text: 'Home',
          ),
          Tab(
            icon: Icon(Icons.settings),
            text: 'Setting',
          )
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
        body: DefaultTabController(
      length: 2,
      child: TabBarView(children: [
        // This CustomScrollView display the Home tab content
        CustomScrollView(
          slivers: [
            showSliverAppBar('HomePage'),

            // Anther sliver widget: SliverList
            SliverList(
              delegate: SliverChildListDelegate([
                Container(
                  height: 200,
                  child: Center(
                    child: Text(
                      'Home Tab',
                      style: TextStyle(fontSize: 40),
                    ),
                  ),
                ),
                Container(
                  height: 1500,
                  color: Colors.green,
                ),
              ]),
            ),
          ],
        ),

        // This shows the Settings tab content
        CustomScrollView(
          slivers: [
            showSliverAppBar('Settings Screen'),

            // Show other sliver stuff
            SliverList(
              delegate: SliverChildListDelegate([
                Container(
                  height: 600,
                  color: Colors.blue[200],
                  child: Center(
                    child: Text(
                      'Settings Tab',
                      style: TextStyle(fontSize: 40),
                    ),
                  ),
                ),
                Container(
                  height: 1200,
                  color: Colors.pink,
                ),
              ]),
            ),
          ],
        )
      ]),
    ));
  }
}

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

Bottom AppBar & floatingActionButton

  • 就是底部的选择菜单啦,一般是四个或者五个按钮,一般都与一个悬浮按钮一起出现,试举例如下:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      home: MyHomePage(),
      theme: _buildShrineTheme(),
    );
  }
}

class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      bottomNavigationBar: BottomAppBar(
        child: Row(
          children: [
            IconButton(icon: Icon(Icons.menu), onPressed: () {}),
            Spacer(),
            IconButton(icon: Icon(Icons.search), onPressed: () {}),
            IconButton(icon: Icon(Icons.hearing), onPressed: () {}),
            IconButton(icon: Icon(Icons.more_vert), onPressed: () {}),
          ],
        ),
      ),
      floatingActionButton:
          FloatingActionButton(child: Icon(Icons.add), onPressed: () {}),
      floatingActionButtonLocation: FloatingActionButtonLocation.centerDocked,
    );
  }
}

ThemeData _buildShrineTheme() {
  final ThemeData base = ThemeData.light();
  return base.copyWith(
    colorScheme: _shrineColorScheme,
    textTheme: _buildShrineTextTheme(base.textTheme),
  );
}

TextTheme _buildShrineTextTheme(TextTheme base) {
  return base
      .copyWith(
        caption: base.caption!.copyWith(
          fontWeight: FontWeight.w400,
          fontSize: 14,
          letterSpacing: defaultLetterSpacing,
        ),
        button: base.button!.copyWith(
          fontWeight: FontWeight.w500,
          fontSize: 14,
          letterSpacing: defaultLetterSpacing,
        ),
      )
      .apply(
        fontFamily: 'Rubik',
        displayColor: shrineBrown900,
        bodyColor: shrineBrown900,
      );
}

const ColorScheme _shrineColorScheme = ColorScheme(
  primary: shrinePink100,
  primaryVariant: shrineBrown900,
  secondary: shrinePink50,
  secondaryVariant: shrineBrown900,
  surface: shrineSurfaceWhite,
  background: shrineBackgroundWhite,
  error: shrineErrorRed,
  onPrimary: shrineBrown900,
  onSecondary: shrineBrown900,
  onSurface: shrineBrown900,
  onBackground: shrineBrown900,
  onError: shrineSurfaceWhite,
  brightness: Brightness.light,
);

const Color shrinePink50 = Color(0xFFFEEAE6);
const Color shrinePink100 = Color(0xFFFEDBD0);
const Color shrinePink300 = Color(0xFFFBB8AC);
const Color shrinePink400 = Color(0xFFEAA4A4);
const Color shrineBrown900 = Color(0xFF442B2D);
const Color shrineBrown600 = Color(0xFF7D4F52);
const Color shrineErrorRed = Color(0xFFC5032B);
const Color shrineSurfaceWhite = Color(0xFFFFFBFA);
const Color shrineBackgroundWhite = Colors.white;
const defaultLetterSpacing = 0.03;

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

另一种展现形式,如下代码所示:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() => runApp(const MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  const MyApp({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  static const String _title = 'Flutter Code Sample';

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return const MaterialApp(
      title: _title,
      home: MyStatefulWidget(),
    );
  }
}

class MyStatefulWidget extends StatefulWidget {
  const MyStatefulWidget({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  State<MyStatefulWidget> createState() => _MyStatefulWidgetState();
}

class _MyStatefulWidgetState extends State<MyStatefulWidget> {
  int _selectedIndex = 0;
  static const TextStyle optionStyle =
      TextStyle(fontSize: 30, fontWeight: FontWeight.bold);
  static const List<Widget> _widgetOptions = <Widget>[
    Text(
      'Index 0: Home',
      style: optionStyle,
    ),
    Text(
      'Index 1: Business',
      style: optionStyle,
    ),
    Text(
      'Index 2: School',
      style: optionStyle,
    ),
  ];

  void _onItemTapped(int index) {
    setState(() {
      _selectedIndex = index;
    });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: const Text('BottomNavigationBar Sample'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: _widgetOptions.elementAt(_selectedIndex),
      ),
      bottomNavigationBar: BottomNavigationBar(
        items: const <BottomNavigationBarItem>[
          BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(Icons.home),
            label: 'Home',
          ),
          BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(Icons.business),
            label: 'Business',
          ),
          BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(Icons.school),
            label: 'School',
          ),
        ],
        currentIndex: _selectedIndex,
        selectedItemColor: Colors.amber[800],
        onTap: _onItemTapped,
      ),
    );
  }
}

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

Backdrop

  • 这个在flutter的官方库是没有的,需要调用第三方的库,非常简单,但是异形样式还是很前卫的,试举例如下:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:backdrop/backdrop.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Backdrop Demo',
      home: BackdropScaffold(
        appBar: BackdropAppBar(
          title: Text("Backdrop Example"),
          actions: <Widget>[
            BackdropToggleButton(
              icon: AnimatedIcons.list_view,
            )
          ],
        ),
        backLayer: Center(
          child: Text("Back Layer"),
        ),
        subHeader: BackdropSubHeader(
          title: Text("Sub Header"),
        ),
        frontLayer: Center(
          child: Text("Front Layer"),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

Convex Appbar

  • 这个是Bottom AppBar & floatingActionButton的升级版,虽然不是flutter的官方库,但是第三方库中最为流行之一,试举一例:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:convex_bottom_bar/convex_bottom_bar.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
        title: 'Backdrop Demo',
        home: Scaffold(
            bottomNavigationBar: ConvexAppBar(
          items: [
            TabItem(icon: Icons.home, title: 'Home'),
            TabItem(icon: Icons.map, title: 'Discovery'),
            TabItem(icon: Icons.add, title: 'Add'),
            TabItem(icon: Icons.message, title: 'Message'),
            TabItem(icon: Icons.people, title: 'Profile'),
          ],
          initialActiveIndex: 2, //optional, default as 0
          onTap: (int i) => print('click index=$i'),
        )));
  }
}

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇

search bar

  • 搜索框,一般应用中都很常见,flutter的一个第三方库名为flutter_search_bar非常好用,故以此为例,代码如下:
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_search_bar/flutter_search_bar.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(new SearchBarDemoApp());
}

class SearchBarDemoApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new MaterialApp(
        title: 'Search Bar Demo',
        theme: new ThemeData(primarySwatch: Colors.blue),
        home: new SearchBarDemoHome());
  }
}

class SearchBarDemoHome extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _SearchBarDemoHomeState createState() => new _SearchBarDemoHomeState();
}

class _SearchBarDemoHomeState extends State<SearchBarDemoHome> {
  final GlobalKey<ScaffoldState> _scaffoldKey = new GlobalKey<ScaffoldState>();
  late SearchBar searchBar;

  AppBar buildAppBar(BuildContext context) {
    return new AppBar(
        title: new Text('Search Bar Demo'),
        actions: [searchBar.getSearchAction(context)]);
  }

  void onSubmitted(String value) {
    setState(() {
      var context = _scaffoldKey.currentContext;

      if (context == null) {
        return;
      }

      ScaffoldMessenger.maybeOf(context)?.showSnackBar(
          new SnackBar(content: new Text('You wrote "$value"!')));
    });
  }

  _SearchBarDemoHomeState() {
    searchBar = new SearchBar(
        inBar: false,
        buildDefaultAppBar: buildAppBar,
        setState: setState,
        onSubmitted: onSubmitted,
        onCleared: () {
          print("Search bar has been cleared");
        },
        onClosed: () {
          print("Search bar has been closed");
        });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: searchBar.build(context),
      key: _scaffoldKey,
      body: new Center(
          child: new Text("Don't look at me! Press the search button!")),
    );
  }
}

效果如下图所示:

Flutter制作自己的第一个全平台APP学习之AppBar篇
  • 我的微信
  • 微信扫一扫加好友
  • weinxin
  • 我的微信公众号
  • 扫描关注公众号
  • weinxin

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